Introducing The Omega 19 Ligne Pocket Watch Caliber 125th Anniversary Edition
Omega, preceding 1894, was Louis Brandt & Frère – a watch company based in Bienne, which created watches, before the adoption of the Omega name, under a variety of various brand names, including Jura, Patria, and Helvetia. In 1894, in any case, the company began creation of a movement that was to change watchmaking history, and whose name was to become established as perhaps the most important throughout the entire existence of Swiss watchmaking. This movement was the Omega caliber – a 19‴ (19 ligne; for more data on the ligne as a unit of measurement, look at our story from last year ) with several important characteristics. It was one of the absolute first Swiss watch movements that was intended to be delivered on an industrial scale, on a recognizably current creation line, with, most significantly, completely interchangeable components.
This meant that anyone with access to parts, anywhere on the planet, would have the option to rapidly administration or repair any Omega 19‴ caliber. The movements were also built to a view with giving great durability and accuracy and were created in various iterations – one of the most elevated grade adaptations of the 19‴ caliber was fitted with, in addition to a bimetallic balance and blued steel overcoil balance spring, a snail-cam fine regulator, and 19‴ movements would proceed to become leading entertainers in their category in the Observatory time trials.
Components of an original 1894 Omega 19‴ caliber.
The movements were also fitted with a patented mechanism allowing both hand-winding and hand-setting of the time from the crown. This was in 1894 as yet something of an oddity – however the initial patent for keyless works allowing the two capacities through a solitary crown had been granted in 1845, by Adrien Philippe (who might with Antoine Norbert de Patek, go on to establish Patek Philippe) the field was still a lot of open to experimentation, with a patent granted for the framework utilized in the 19‴ caliber in 1894. The caliber was alluded to as the Omega caliber – the Greek letter Omega is the last of the Greek alphabet, and was picked as a fitting name for the 19‴ family of movements as they were planned to be the last word in accuracy and reliability, in watchmaking. The 19‴ family was fruitful to such an extent that the Omega caliber of 1894 would eventually give its name to the company in general, and the Omega Watch Co. was established in 1903.
The movement was created in large numbers during its heyday however clearly, it’s been out of creation for a long time (the last 19‴ Omega caliber was delivered in 1923). In any case, for the 125th anniversary of the principal utilization of the name “Omega,” the company is bringing the Omega caliber back, albeit in extremely restricted numbers – 19 movements, to be placed in 19 watches, will be assembled from parts that have been in storage in Omega’s museum in Bienne, since the time creation concluded. Assembly of the movements and watches will take place at Omega’s Atelier Tourbillon.
Original 19‴ pocket watch movement components at Omega Bienne.
An Omega pocket watch fitted with a 19‴ Omega caliber.
According to Omega, the original components will incorporate scaffolds, mainplates, escapements, and as well, bimetallic temperature-compensating balances with their matching blued steel overcoil balance springs. These vintage era components will be joined by some advanced components as well, in light of a legitimate concern for better reliability and exactness performance, including a cutting edge mainspring barrel and mainspring, a portion of the screws, and as well, the ruby chatons and pallet stones.
The framework for hand-setting and hand-winding will be updated as well (and will therefore be an update to the framework utilized in the original 19‴ caliber) and movement decoration will be a sort of damaskeening that’s characteristic of high-grade 19th century pocket watches from both Europe and the United States (American pocket watches made broad utilization of this style of decoration as well, which is created by special engraving machines capable of delivering a wide range of patterns; the procedure appears to have been originally acquainted with the American watch industry from Switzerland during the 19th century). This form of the Omega 19‴ caliber comprises, in Omega’s naming shows for the various grades of the 19‴ movements, another grade – the Master grade. The movements will be placed in half-tracker pocket watches, with the crown at 3 o’clock.
This isn’t the first run through in quite a while that Omega has once again introduced a vintage movement, built largely from parts manufactured many decades ago, in an advanced watch – in July of 2018, the company released a re-version of its first wristwatch chronograph, utilizing parts made in 1913 for a 18‴caliber, in an exceptionally restricted version of 18 pieces . And, obviously, Omega has all the more as of late announced that it will continue creation of the famous caliber 321 chronograph movement (not in a restricted arrangement), which was the movement originally utilized in the Speedmaster Professional (and therefore replaced by the calibers 861 and 1861). The caliber 321 renewed introduction, not at all like the 18‴ chronograph and 19‴ Omega caliber movements, will be an all out creation restart, while the latter two are exceptionally restricted arrangement watches made from components that were manufactured many decades ago, yet all three address a fascinating strategy.
Bringing back most amazing aspect class, historically important movements isn’t something that is widespread in the business using any and all means, however in case you’re of the psyche that the main achievements in watchmaking are perhaps less to do with makeup, and more to do with the mechanism that make a watch a watch, and not a piece of latent adornments, this is a lovely fascinating way to approach reminding your audience exactly how profound your mastery is, in actual watchmaking.
The Omega 19‴ pocket watch movement: temperature compensating bimetallic balance, blued steel overcoil balance spring, with whiplash fine regulating framework; recurrence, 18,000 vph, running in 23 gems. To be released in a restricted version of 19 pieces, in a half-tracker pocket watch with the crown at 3:00. For a glance at the 125th Anniversary De Ville Trésor Pocket watch, which features the direct injury Master Chronometer movement, look at Stephen Pulvirent’s story right here; for additional on the 125th Anniversary pieces, visit omegawatches.com.