Reference Points Understanding The Rolex GMT-Master
One of the amazing accomplishments of mankind in the only remaining century was the authority of flight. At the point when the Wright Brothers dispatched their Flyer into the shoreline breeze of Kitty Hawk, N.C., an entryway was opened onto conceivable outcomes beforehand just envisioned in fantasies or dreams. The previously planned commercial flight occurred in Florida somewhat more than 100 years back, from St. Petersburg to adjoining Tampa. What’s more, the ensuing promotion of commercial air travel during the 1950s and ’60s permitted regular folks to go spots with more noteworthy speed than any past age. Yet, while the likelihood to show up on another landmass in only hours was positively game-transforming, it made issues as well, especially as it related to keeping and changing in accordance with time.
Douglas DC-8-32 N804PA of Pan American World Airways at Amsterdam Schiphol Airport in 1967 (Credit: RuthAS/Wikimedia Commons).
There was not, at this point just the time. Or maybe, there was the time where one was and the time where one was going. This was an every day worry for the commercial pilots bungling the world’s time regions in the beginning commercial avionics industry. One of the incomparable American companies of the only remaining century, Pan American World Airways, cooperated with a Swiss watch brand by the name of Rolex to check whether it could make them a watch equipped for telling the time in a larger number of spots than one. It is from this suggestion that came one of the present generally collectible, truly significant, and notorious Rolex sport watches: The GMT-Master.
The Albino Dial GMT-Master Ref. 6542
The first GMT-Master was an enormous for-its-time 38mm in width with an intelligible dial made for Pan Am Pilots. It is accepted that probably a portion of these provided watches included strange white, or Albino, dials. The name is proper in a greater number of ways than one. Such instances of the 6542 are, genuinely, white whales. In 2015, HODINKEE had this very watch in the workplace , and Ben went active with it.
The GMT-Master didn’t come from a clear record. We can follow its foundations back to other exemplary Rolex sport watches, maybe beginning with the Rolex Zerographe reference 3346 around 1937 with a pivoting bezel, however proceeding to the Submariner and Turn-O-Graph models that Rolex presented in 1953. These watches highlighted pivoting aluminum bezels for timing passed minutes, and they filled in as the stage whereupon Rolex was to build up the main GMT-Master. Right up ’til the present time, in the event that you think about a watch made for following time in a larger number of spots than one, there is an excellent possibility that the blue-and-red bezeled Rolex GMT-Master, graduated for 24 hours, is the picture that appears in your inner being. Which began as a reason fabricated device for pilots has risen above that job to become an emblem of a cosmopolitan, urbane, and all around voyaged life. Accordingly, it’s been worn by pilots and guides, however by celebrated entertainers, performers, craftsmen, masterminds, and artists – individuals whose characters and style impact us on an every day basis.
The watch gathering community keeps on showing incredible interest in the GMT-Master’s vintage references. Furthermore, the current assortment of GMT-Master IIs represents a few of the most pursued watches at retail. The Rolex GMT-Master is, altogether its numerous structures, basically the most acclaimed travel watch the world has ever seen.
The first and the latest Pepsi-bezeled examples.
Wherever conceivable, I’ve given creation dates to the references in this article. It is significant to comprehend that what the numbers within caseback reveal to us respects the case creation, however that watches were regularly not gathered until a year later and afterward sold from that point onward, once in a while numerous years after the fact. During the ’70s, Rolex stopped printing case creation dates within casebacks. For those watches, the chronic numbers imprinted working on this issue between the drags offer the best understanding into when a watch was made, yet this also is something of a loose science.
It’s been a long time since Rolex dispatched the primary GMT-Master, and in that time, there have been a considerable number of varieties on the off chance that you consider the entirety of the pearl set models and diverse tie/wristband designs. Showing you each and every one of them would likely have been unthinkable, so all things considered we’ve chosen to zero in on the watches that we think recount the narrative of the world’s most celebrated travel watch, from 1955 to the present.
In request to do this, we’ve indeed tapped Eric Wind, previous HODINKEE benefactor and the owner of Wind Vintage. Eric ventured a ways into his network of companions and authorities to bring us in excess of 30 top notch instances of the Rolex GMT-Master to remember for this article.
Reference 6542: 1955 – 1959
Reference 6542 (First GMT-Master, Small Lume Plots): 1955-59
This is the place where everything begins. The reference 6542 is the principal GMT-Master at any point made, an instrument watch to help in crafted by commercial pilots. Over 60 years after the fact, its plan is strikingly like that of the advanced Pepsi-bezeled GMT-Master II. As with such a lot of that Rolex has done, one can perceive how the GMT-Master’s plan, with its shrewd separation of the day into daytime and evening time and its 24-hour hand, has impacted watchmakers during that time and assisted with making a class unto itself. Many will review that this watch was broadly worn by Honor Blackman when she depicted Pussy Galore in the James Bond film Goldfinger.
While the Bakelite bezel of the 6542 has come to be known as the reference’s characterizing highlight, it demonstrated hazardous for two reasons. In the first place, it was inclined to breaking and was therefore replaced with a non-brilliant metal supplement at the finish of the 6542’s run. Second, the radioactivity of the bezels was the wellspring of debate in the United States when, in 1961, an American Naval official and his family sued Rolex, asserting that his 6542’s luminous bezel had caused cancer.
Rolex reviewed these bezels and supplanted them with anodized metal ones. Inferable from these variables, instances of the 6542 with unique Bakelite bezels are incredibly rare.
Over the course of its five years underway, from 1955 through 1959, the 6542 utilized a 38mm Oyster case and three diverse programmed GMT-Master developments. To start with, there was the cal. 1036, at that point the 1065, lastly the 1066.
The soonest instances of the ref. 6542 element the words “GMT-Master” written in pink and are uncommon, with at any rate one model known to include the profundity rating of “50m = 165ft” on the dial in red over the pink GMT-Master text. Early models may likewise have a long-neck Mercedes hour hand like the Submariner reference 6200, which was additionally from that period.
The steel 6542 cases had some variety throughout the long term, with some having smaller chamfered edges/angles and some having wide chamfered edges/slopes. There were likewise varieties in the arrangement of the red and blue on the bezel. For steel 6542s, there are likewise a few models with completely lumed tips of the GMT hands and others, similar to the ones highlighted in this story, that have lume inside a little triangle.
Reference 6542 (Big Lume Plots): Case Dating To Q3 1958
Here we have another wonderfully protected illustration of the first reference of the GMT-Master. Like the past 6542, it has a black gilt dial, however looking carefully, we see a change to the radium lume plots. This is an alleged “Huge Lume” reference 6542 that is likewise now and then called a “Maxi” dial 6542 (a term acquired from the last part of the 1970s to mid 1980s Submariner reference 5512 and 5513 matte dial watches). With case production dating to the second from last quarter of 1958, we see that the 6542 dial plan has advanced to these bigger lume plots. The Bakelite bezel is still there, obviously, just like the OCC text and the section ring. This uncommon dial setup immediately vanished and Rolex returned to dials with the more modest lume plots after this irregular dial run.
In expansion to being bigger, the lume plots of this uncommon 6542 are nearer to the lists of the part ring – practically contacting. Also, the 12 o’clock marker is practically contacting the center prong of the Rolex coronet.
Reference 6542 (18-Karat Yellow Gold, Burgundy-Brown Bakelite Bezel, Alpha Hands): 1958-59
With the 6542, we see that gold models have been essential for the blend from the beginning of the GMT-Master, making it the first of Rolex’s game watches to be made in gold (however there were sure pre-Daytona chronographs made in gold). The in a real sense high-flying universe of worldwide commercial aeronautics was more qualified to valuable metal apparatus watches than the SCUBA climate that offered ascend to the Rolex Submariner only a few of years sooner, it seems.
As with the steel form, the gold 6542 had a 38mm case. The first gold 6542 bezels are in like manner Bakelite, however as opposed to the bi-shading blue and red, they were burgundy-earthy colored in tone. There were two dials that accompanied the gold 6542. The form that we have here highlights the lighter champagne dial, yet there is additionally a variant of the gold 6542 with a more obscure brownish dial that is all the more close in tint to the burgundy-earthy colored bezel insert.
This is likewise the main occurrence of what will become a repetitive subject in gold GMT-Masters, the areola marker for the hours. The areola style marker will be a sign of the gold GMT-Master for quite a while, straight up to and including the momentary ref. 16758. The model that we have here is on a flawless gold Oyster wristband. Furthermore, the case accompanied a Twinlock crown, likewise in yellow gold, distinguished by the line under the five-pointed Rolex coronet, making it an “underline” crown.
Whereas the steel 6542 has a Mercedes hour hand and candy seconds, commonplace of Rolex sport watches, the minutes and hours of the gold 6542 are alpha hands, and the seconds are of a basic stick style with stabilizer. Like the steel 6542, the GMT hand includes a little triangle. The development utilized in this watch is the cal. 1065.
Reference 6542 (Bezel Conversion): 1959
It would be not difficult to botch this 6542 with a changed over bezel for an early reference 1675. When of the previously mentioned 1961 claim, Rolex had just reviewed the Bakelite bezel. The watch that we have here, with its pleasantly tropicalized dial, was brought into the world with Bakelite, however that bezel was eventually supplanted with the metal addition we see here because of a review. Different occasions, Rolex administration focuses were known to have scratched the radium out of the bezel embeds and supplanted it with tritium or left it void of glowing material.
1n mid 1960, Rolex gave an assertion through its approved sellers in the United States to address turmoil brought about by its review of Bakelite bezels. From this archive, we can get familiar with a couple of things. For one, we can tell that as of the time this report was given, only 605 GMT-Masters with Bakelite bezels had been imported to the United States – a minuscule sum. The report additionally affirms that the GMT-Master at the time was “a particular reason wrist chronometer utilized for the most part by guides and pilots for reading a clock precisely in two timezones at the same time.” My, how the GMT has developed past its underlying degree, and furthermore filled in cost. At the hour of the assertion, a treated steel ref. 6542 would have cost a pilot $240, and a gold model would interfere with him $600.
Reference 1675: 1959 – 1980
The reference 1675 was underway from 1959 until 1980, making it one of the longest-running Rolex references in presence. Throughout the course of that time, Rolex rolled out numerous improvements, huge and little, to the GMT-Master, yet the boldest line of division separating creation into two categories is the one between prior plated and later matte dial varieties. This detachment is one that will be recognizable to any individual who thinks often about vintage Rolex, as comparable isolating lines can be found in vintage Submariners and Explorers as well. One will discover GMT-Master ref. 1675s with plated dials underway dates from 1959 to around 1966-67. Matte dials get in around 1966 and proceed all the way to the finish of the ref. 1675 in around 1979-80, and they go on inside the GMT-Master all the more extensively to incorporate prior instances of the 16750. In the early time of the 1675, one will see that the bezel text styles are thicker or fatter than those found in more as of late delivered watches. In view of their age and their restricted stockpile, those fat-textual style bezels will in general command a premium over the more slender variations.
With respect to developments, we’ll see two utilized over the range of the ref. 1675. In watches delivered until around 1965-’66, we’ll see the 18,000 vph type 1565. Around the 1.4m sequential imprint, Rolex progressed the GMT-Master to the high-beat (for now is the right time) type 1575, which got a hacking capacity around 1971. There is a special case for this two-development rule, however, and it applies to ahead of schedule and uncommon plated dials that hold the OCC text. More on that in a piece. I’d prefer to say thanks to Dr. Andrew Hantel for his grant of this reference, which can be found at gmtmaster1675.com.
Continuing from the 6542, whose dark dial varieties were all overlaid shine, we get into the plated gleam dial as found in the GMT-Master ref. 1675. Overlaid dials were created utilizing a galvanic covering measure. Initial, a reasonable covering was applied straightforwardly to the metal dial to veil out the composition, like the world “Rolex.” This would keep the galvanically applied paint from appending to that piece of the dial. Second, finish was then applied to the dark paint, giving the dial a smooth, gleaming surface.
Reference 1675 "OCC" Dial (Officially Certified Chronometer): 1959-60
This is the soonest form of the Rolex GMT-Master Ref. 1675. The Bakelite bezel that characterized the previous 6542 is gone for the metal addition that will elegance the 1675 for its whole run. This bezel has matured and blurred fundamentally from its appearance when it was made. At the point when I think about a mid 1675, I consider something like this: a bezel embed with a pale infant blue segment for the evening and a delicate, blurred red for the day.
The most punctual illustration of the 1675 is the purported “OCC” dial, with text beneath GMT-Master perusing “Authoritatively Certified Chronometer.” The OCC text is perceived to mirror the utilization of the non-microstella 1535 type, however there have been some seen that really incorporate the fresher 1565 development. Before long, with the proper presentation of the microstella-managed 1565 type, we’ll see a move to the “Standout Chronometer Officially Certified” text.
The OCC dial is very much like those found in the 6542 yet somewhat bigger, so they are not actually compatible parts. As with the 6542, this 1675 has a hyphenated “Shellfish Perpetual.”
Apart from the standard-issue aluminum bezel embed, another characterizing highlight of the principal steel 1675s, and for sure all resulting ones, is the presence of crown monitors on the case. These will advance somewhat to a great extent, yet on the off chance that a 1675 is made of steel, it will have crown guards.
Reference 1675 (Pointed Crown Guards, Tropical and Non-Tropical Variations, No Exclamation or Underline): 1960-62
Here we see “Standout Chronometer Officially Certified” text, a sign that the development inside is the microstella-directed type 1565 programmed chronometer development beating at 18,000 vph. These four recognizable words keep on being imprinted on Rolex watches to this day.
One of the large contrasts between steel renditions of the ref. 1675 and the previous ref. 6542 was the utilization of crown watches, and in these early forms, the crown monitors are pointed, looking like a parrot’s beak.
The form on top has gone tropical and its bezel embed has likewise blurred generously, while the model beneath has a dial that has not gone tropical. With regards to what we saw with the 6542s, these mid 1675s likewise have part rings.
Ref. 1675 with pointed crown monitors that has not gone tropical.
Reference 1675 (Chapter Ring, Exclamation): 1962-63
On its essence, this 1675 is very like the two or three watches that we took a gander at, yet there is an uncommon thing about this one. Down at 6 o’clock, an extra use of lume transforms this part ring dial into an outcry point dial.
The outcry point is thought to address the moving away from the utilization of high radium content for less radium content in the watch. Almost certainly, it addresses the early utilization of tritium, before T assignments on the dial got normalized, around 1964, implying that this dial includes a combination of the two lumes. Exclamation point dials are found in a wide scope of chronic numbers, 62xxxx- – 990xxx, as per the site gmtmaster1675.com , however just on dials that additionally have section rings.
Exclamation point dials aren’t selective to the GMT-Master or anything. This profoundly collectible dial type can be found on Submariners and Explorers too.
Reference 1675 (Open Chapter, Double Swiss, Underline): 1963
And now we see a change in the dials of our GMT-Masters. Up until this point, each watch that we have inspected has had a section ring surrounding the dial. From now into the foreseeable future, in the ref. 1675, the parts are open. This genuinely significant contrast surely opens up the dial a considerable amount and accommodates an entirely different look. As should be obvious, the hour markers show up significantly bigger than the ones that we have seen until this point inside the ref. 1675.
The change from shut section to open section is just essential for what recognizes this plated dial dating from 1963. It’s both an “underline” and a “Twofold Swiss,” implying that the word Swiss shows up twice at the six o’clock position, notwithstanding having a little line underneath the “Standout Chronometer Officially Certified” text. This is an uncommon watch, and by ideals of its having both the Double Swiss and the underline, we can say reasonably certainly that it was brought into the world in 1963.
This watch has a case wherein the sharp crown monitors reach out a piece and are less bended like a parrot bill. These explicitly have been named “Wide Pointed Crown Guards” by the community and are around the 1 million case-sequential range.
Reference 1675 (Open Chapter, Double Swiss, T < 25): 1963-64
Here we have another Double Swiss, with two Swiss marks at 6 o’clock. In any case, close to the bigger of the two, we presently see the natural T<25 assignment. With this dial, Rolex is getting somewhat more explicit about the measure of radiation that is coming from the dials. The T<25 stamping implies that the watch contains a measure of tritium that discharges under 925 MBq (or 25 mCi, which is short for millicuries). This observe additionally has the Broad Pointed Crown Guards of the past Double Swiss Underline 1675.
Reference 1675 (Open Chapter, Gold Hands): 1964-65; (Open Chapter, Regular Hands): 1964-66
This is important for the last run of plated dial 1675s, which would put it around 1964 or ’65. The most striking part of this model is likely its gold-hued hands, which are uncommon and which are somewhat sooner than the standard hands that we see below.
Here, we additionally see that the sharp crown watches that have epitomized the instances of the 1675 until this point have been changed for the adjusted crown monitors that are near those you may discover on a current creation GMT-Master II.
And here we have another late illustration of the overlaid dial ref. 1675, only before the change to matte dials. In this more average model, the hands are not gold-shaded and the lume plots are somewhat more modest than in the past watch.
Right around 1966 case creation, we see the principal matte dial 1675s. We’ll observer a development in these dials from the soonest form, the retroactively named Mark 0, to the last 1675s delivered. Matte dial 1675s represent exactly 14 years of GMT creation, and indeed, matte dials proceeded into the most punctual adaptation of the reference 16750, which will at last resign the 1675.
Reference 1675 (Mark 0.5, Small Triangle GMT Hand): 1966-67
Mark 0 dials have as of late been found and named as such by the authority community. The Mark 0 matte 1675s have comparable content and realistic style of the past plated models and are incredibly uncommon. This watch is an in thing between the Mark 0 and the Mark 1 (and was recently known as a Mark 0 preceding the ID of that prior dial, showing that grant continually develops in the Rolex gatherer community). According to the Long E on the dial, you’d maybe think it was a Mark 1.
As this watch is some place in a Mark 0 and a Mark 1, it’s fundamentally a temporary momentary. Some Mark 0s have the more seasoned 1565 type, yet when we get to the Mark 1, the development inside will be the 19,800 vph cal. 1575, which is the type related with the matte dial era.
Reference 1675 (Mark 1 Long E): 1967-72
Ok, presently we see the previously mentioned Mark 1, a watch whose name would sensibly lead you to imagine that it was the first of the matte dials, however it’s definitely not. The Mark 1, otherwise called the Long E, was viewed as the most punctual matte dial GMT-Master by the gatherer community until the Mark 0, which combines a matte dial with the little 24-hour hand from the overlaid time, was recognized.
Its moniker comes from an attribute of the “E” in Rolex on its dial. The center bar of the letter is longer than the center bars of this letter found on different models in this reference. Another distinctive trademark that one ought to hope to discover on a Mark 1 is that the prongs on the coronet are genuinely slim. With the Mark 1, we’re solidly in matte dial an area, and we would not anticipate seeing remainders from the overlaid dial era.
Reference 1675 (Mark 1 Long E Fuchsia, a.k.a. Pink Panther): 1967-68
Here we have another Mark 1 dial, which is effectively unmistakable gratitude to that “Long E” that we just discussed. Be that as it may, what truly separates this form isn’t the dial; it’s the anodized aluminum bezel embed, whose daytime hours area has a wonderful fuchsia tone. While the Mark 1 had a significant since a long time ago run, from around 1966 to 1972, it appears to be that solitary certain Mark 1s delivered around 1967-68 were brought into the world with bezels in this wonderful fuchsia tone. It is, obviously, critical to take note of that all-aluminum additions can blur and age diversely with wear. Referred to gatherers as the Fuchsia, or a touch all the more energetically as the Pink Panther, Mark 1s with these brilliant additions command a premium over numerous other 1675s and offer a beautiful colorful wind on the GMT aesthetic. This observe likewise ends up having a Jubilee wristband, which was a choice at the hour of procurement in numerous retailers. This GMT-Master to Jubilee wristband matching was more normal during the 1970s and propelled Rolex to re-discharge the steel GMT-Master II with red and blue supplement on a Jubilee arm band in 2018.
Reference 1675 (Mark 2): 1972-75, 1977-78
The Mark 2 shows up first in around 1972, and it isn’t hard to recognize from other matte dial 1675s. The thick, striking text style utilized for Rolex is one piece of information, and taking a gander at the Rolex name, the letters L and E are put nearer together compared to different letters in the name. The entirety of the letters in Rolex are additionally genuinely squat, and a few of them are more extensive than they are tall. The acknowledged chronic number scope of the 1675 Mark 2 is in the 2.8 to 3.9 million territory, and as indicated by the site gmtmaster1675.com, a few unique proprietor models have additionally been found in the low 5 million territory. Is it conceivable that the Crown utilized left-over Mark 2 dials in this period?
Reference 1675 (Mark 3 Radial Dial, Smaller Lume Plots): 1975-78
Also known as the matte outspread dial, the Mark 3 is fairly simple to recognize. One needn’t investigate the textual styles to perceive a Mark 3 dial. Or maybe, look to the lume plots. They are more modest than the those on the Mark 2, and they’re set somewhat farther from the track when compared to past matte dial 1675s. Furthermore, somely, this dial is suggestive of the prior 6542s. Frequently Mark 3 spiral dials were administration dials, however some were additionally brought into the world along these lines. Notice the all-red 24-hour hand? These hands were frequently painted red in the secondary selling, just like the case with this one.
Reference 1675 (Mark 5): 1978-80
Here we have the Mark 5. This watch is genuinely like the Mark 4 that went before it. Differentiating between a Mark 5 like this and a Mark 4 (the watch possessed and worn by Marlon Brando in Apocalypse Now) can be somewhat interesting, yet there are a couple of hints. In case you’re inspecting a watch, this would be an opportunity to get out your loupe.
In a Mark 5, the correct vertical line of the “M” in Master divides the “CH” in chronometer. In a Mark 4, the correct line of the “M” sits directly on top of the “C” in chronometer. Additionally, on a Mark 5, the “O” in ROLEX should be loosened up somewhat, more extensive than it is tall. The lume plots on the Mark 5 are regularly somewhat puffier and more extensive than prior 1675s too, earning the moniker “Maxi Mark 5” too by certain gatherers and dealers.
Reference 1675 (Mark 2, Blueberry): Late 1970s
And here we have another variant of the Mark 2, however what recognizes this model is its all-blue bezel embed, which gatherers have named the “Blueberry.” These watches hail from the ’70s and are thought to match pretty much with Rolex’s presentation of the all-dark aluminum embed, maybe as a preliminary of a solitary shading bezel before Rolex chose dark as another alternative for individuals other than the Pepsi insert.
It ought to be expressed in advance that this bezel embed is a questionable part, and the gathering community stays separated concerning whether these all-blue supplements were at any point even made by Rolex. Bezels aren’t marked like dials, cases, developments, and arm bands, making them simpler parts to phony, and large numbers of the models one is probably going to discover online are reproduction parts. What’s not questionable is that the Blueberry GMT-Master is among the best watches of the ref. 1675s. Gatherers that trust in the veracity of these bezel embeds as being made by Rolex for the most part choose the reality they ought to be on watches in the 5 million sequential reach dating to the last part of the 1970s. Furthermore, watches in that 5 million case sequential reach incorporate Mark 2, Mark 3, Mark 4, and Mark 5 dials, so you see these all-blue bezels on an assortment of dial configurations.
For the individuals who trust in them, it’s by and large comprehended that unique watches with these blue additions were not offered at retail, yet that the all-blue bezel embed was a test bezel offered to Rolex Service Centers and select retailers to offer to customers. Some have asserted they were held for military orders in the Middle East, as some United Arab Emirates (UAE) dial GMT-Masters have been seen and even sold at public closeout with the Blueberry embeds, however it is unquestionably conceivable the bezel embeds were added to those watches.
Watches With Gold
Reference 1675 (Concorde, No Crown Guards) Early 1960s-65
Rolex’s promotion crusades from the 1960s and ’70s are probably the most notorious and powerful instances of watch showcasing at any point seen. In this advertisement from 1968, Rolex advances this gold GMT-Master as the wristwatch worn by the aircraft testers in charge of the Concorde during its exploratory flights.
Just like the 6542, there was an all-gold rendition of the 1675. And keeping in mind that early steel 1675s had crown monitors, their gold partners didn’t, in any event not from the start. Both the over 1675 and the later gold 1675 beneath don’t have the Mercedes hand that we’ve seen up until this point in the 1675.
These gold 1675s are frequently alluded to as Concorde models, taking the name from the supersonic commercial jetliner that confounded the Atlantic from 1969 to 2003. The hands are fundamentally the same as those that you would see on a Datejust or a Daytona, which is somewhat unusual to see on a GMT-Master. Large numbers of these early gold 1675s without crown monitors have the alpha hands that we have seen on the reference 6542 models in gold.
Reference 1675 (Concorde, Crown Guards): 1966-69
And here we have another illustration of the gold 1675, however somewhat later. Its case highlights crown gatekeepers, and it is on an Oyster arm band. This one is fascinating as it has an amazingly thin minute hand, which is additionally found in a 1968 Rolex ad showing this watch. That is maybe one approach to recognize a Concorde with crown guards as having unique hands versus hands that were traded in the watch from another model like a Daytona or Datejust.
It ought to be additionally noticed that the crown monitors and no crown watches gold 1675s are likewise seen with the Mercedes hour hand and common pointed hour hand, and that beginning in the later 1960s, we see the choice of a gold 1675 with a dark dial and dark bezel embed. The gold 1675/8 proceeded into 1980.
Reference 1675/3 (Root Beer): 1970-80
The two-tone Ref. 1675/3, otherwise known as, Root Beer, is perhaps the most notable assumes the GMT altogether of its numerous structures. The watch that we have here is as yet a 1675, so it hasn’t yet been refreshed with the speedy set date that will come with the 16753, which is the two-tone variety of the 16750 that will come out in 1980/1981. It’s genuinely simple to recognize these two watches, as the variant we have here has an applied gold coronet, while the 16753 and all-gold 16758 (which we see beneath) have printed ones.
The Root Beer GMT stays famous right up ’til the present time, in both vintage and current executions. There several distinct forms of this reference, including a dark dial variety that accompanied a strong dark bezel.
The Root Beer was put on the map on the wrist of Clint Eastwood, who wore one as his own watch and regularly wore it in his films.
Reference 16758 (Gold, Quickset): 1980 – 1988
This is the gold adaptation of the steel ref. 16750, which we will come to in one moment. Preferences its steel partner, the watch denotes the finish of the 1675’s long rule and the usage of a fast set date. As gold has been a consistent in the GMT-Master from the good ‘ol days, it should come as nothing unexpected that when Rolex presented the 16750, there was an all-gold form along for the ride. This wonderful model has a case that has been saved the cleaning wheel as proven by its somewhat discolored case sideband and unblemished angled edges. Some 16758s (counting this specific model) kept up the areola style hour markers (jutting gold markers loaded up with lume) seen in prior gold references of the GMT-Master, while others came outfitted with level markers with gold encompasses, featuring the momentary idea of the reference.
The gold 16758 was furnished with a sapphire precious stone and went ahead either a calfskin lash, an Oyster arm band, or, as we see here, a Jubilee. There was likewise a rendition with earthy colored bezel and dial, drawing a more prepared comparison to the gold 1675 Concordes that we just saw. The steel comparable to this watch that we’ll see next kept up its acrylic gem. Gold being the more sumptuous material, it appears to have required the move up to sapphire.
To me, this all gold GMT-Master on a Jubilee feels like the quintessential 1980s extravagance watch.
The Transition From GMT-Master To GMT-Master II
Reference 16750 (Spider Dial, Quickset): 1980-88
The ref. 16750 followed the 1675, making it the main new steel GMT-Master reference in somewhere in the range of twenty years. The characterizing highlight of this reference was its fast set date, made conceivable by the presentation of the new Rolex cal. 3075, a development that additionally saw an expanded recurrence of 28,800 vph versus 19,600 vph for the last part of the 1675s. Water opposition was likewise amended without precedent for the GMT-Master. Though every one of the four-digit references had been water impervious to 50 meters (165 ft), the 16750 multiplied that rating. The 16750 is viewed today as a temporary model and was underway for around seven years, a brief timeframe considering the since a long time ago run 1675 had.
Earlier renditions of this reference proceeded with the subject of the later 1675s by having a matte dial, yet Rolex in the long run changed out the matte dial for a polished enamel dial with white-gold encompasses on the records. The model that we have here is one of the last mentioned, and on the off chance that you look carefully, you can even see that the veneer dial has hairline breaks going around it, making it a supposed “Creepy crawly” dial.
If you sat in front of the TV during the ’80s, there’s a decent possibility that you saw this reference on the wrist of Tom Selleck when he played a private examiner on the hit arrangement Magnum PI, which ran from 1980 to ’88, concurring with the residency of the 16750.
With the 1675, the request for the hands from the dial up was 24-hour hand, hour, minute, second. With the 16750, the request changes: The 24-hour hand climbs between the hour and the minute.
Reference 16700 (Last reference of GMT-Master): 1988-99
A intriguing part of the GMT-Master is that even after the effective dispatch of the GMT-Master II in 1982, the GMT-Master forged ahead, and new references of the more established GMT-Master, similar to this one, were to be added to the assortment as more reasonable options. This watch supplanted the past GMT-Master ref. 16750.
Released in 1988, the ref. 16700 is the last reference of the GMT-Master. It kept on being fabricated until 1999. The 16700 utilized the Rolex cal. 3175, Rolex’s last “fixed” GMT development, with every single resulting type taking into account autonomous activity of the GMT and hour hands, and hence timing of a third time region. The initial nine years of this present watch’s creation would have included tritium lume. From 1997 on, it was changed to Super-LumiNova.
Around the very time that this last GMT-Master came out, Rolex likewise delivered the Ref. 16710 as the replacement to the 16760. The 16760 was the principal GMT-Master II, and we’ll be covering it next.
Reference 16760 (Fat Lady, First Coke bezel, First GMT-Master II): 1982-88
The 16760 is the absolute first GMT-Master II, and was delivered somewhere in the range of 1982 and 1988. One thing you’ll see in the event that you handle one is that it is somewhat thicker than the watches we have so far seen. This thicker case was required by the thicker type 3085, created to join the decoupled 12-hour and 24-hour hands. This permitted the 12-hour hand to bounce in one-hour increases forward or in reverse as the client crossed time regions without the development halting. The ref. 16760 likewise presented the alleged “Coke” bezel, with an aluminum embed in dark for the night hours and red for daylight. This reference has been given the moniker the “Fat Lady” by the gatherer community. Some additionally affectionately allude to this model as the “Sophia Loren.”
Reference 16710 (Second GMT-Master II): 1989-2007
The GMT-Master II ref. 16710 is the second reference of the GMT-Master II and the development to the Reference 16760. This reference proceeded to have a very since a long time ago run that spread over from the last part of the ’80s until 2007 and the presentation of the reference 116710 in steel with all-dark Cerachrom bezel. As a long-running reference accessible with three unique bezels (the Pepsi and Coke, which you see here, notwithstanding an all-dark variety), the 16710 was delivered close by the GMT-Master Ref. 16700 until the previous’ scratch-off in 1999.
The thicker instance of the 16760 was shed for a slimmer case made conceivable by the new 3185 development. What’s more, some late instances of the 16710, from 2007, even element the cal. 3186. As momentary watches to the Cerachrom bezel models, some have an “mistake” or “stick dial” that is profoundly attractive to collectors. One sold as of late at Phillips in December.
As a reference that crossed around 18 years (almost as long as the 1675), we see many varieties in the 16710. Until 1997, these watches highlighted Tritium dials stamped T<25, LumiNova from around 1998 to 1999, and afterward Super-LumiNova from 2000 to 2007.
In 2000, the wristbands that accompanied the 16710 got strong end joins, and in 2003, the case was adjusted marginally to wipe out the outside openings on the sides of the lugs.
Reference 116710LN (Steel with Cerachrom Bezel): 2007-19
In 2005, Rolex commended the 50th commemoration or the GMT-Master by upgrading the GMT-Master II, augmenting the case extensively and presenting a clay bezel embed that, from the start, was delivered in a solitary tone: dark. The underlying commemoration model was made in gold, however Rolex followed up in 2007 with the steel variant we have here. It utilized the new cal. 3186 with Parachrom hairspring, which gave more noteworthy protection from stuns and temperature variations. Rolex additionally made a two-tone steel and gold minor departure from the dark Cerachrom-bezeled GMT-Master II, the reference 116713. Into the creation of the 116710LN, the switch was made over to the blue-gleaming Chromalight lume, so early models have Super-LumiNova, while later ones have Chromalight.
It’s essential to take note of that Rolex decided to make a big appearance the Cerachrom bezel on the GMT-Master II, not the Submariner, the Sea-Dweller, or the Daytona, which all have monochromatic bezels. While this watch had undoubtedly as of now had monochrome bezels from the start with the gold 6542, it was the two-tone Pepsi, Coke, and Root Beer varieties that came to characterize the GMT-Master in the personalities of watch authorities. With the appearance of the Cerachrom lunette noire in 2007, Rolex stopped its Coke and Pepsi varieties with aluminum embeds, and the dark, Cerachrom-bezeled GMT-Master II was the lone steel GMT game in town.
Reference 116710BLNR (First Batman): 2013-19
That all changed in 2013, when Rolex introduced the ref. 116710BLNR, the first Batman, which utilized a protected cycle that brought about the primary bi-shading ceramic bezel. As per Rolex, the bezel started as an all-blue, permeable piece of fired, to which dark shading was therefore added, yet just on one portion of the bezel. The blue and dark shading combination had no point of reference in the GMT-Master line, and some hypothesized that its appearance had as a lot to do with troubles understanding a blue-and-red bezel or a dark and red bezel as whatever else. Notwithstanding, the “Batman” turned into a bonafide hit, and clients accepted this GMT-Master II, which was likewise in some cases called the “Bruiser.”
Reference 116719BLRO (Pepsi Returns, First GMT in White Gold): 2014-18
Up until this point in the Cerachrom GMT-Master II, what has been eminently missing, and what numerous gatherers were left tensely hanging tight for until 2014, was the notable Pepsi bezel. Its red and blue parts had come to represent the GMT-Master from its soonest days during the ’50s. The arrival of the strong white gold ref. 116719BLRO denoted the victorious return of the Pepsi bezel, however with something of a proviso. Bits of gossip had flowed that delivering a red adaptation of the material had demonstrated tricky, and that this was additionally complicated by the requirement for it to progress to another tone, regardless of whether it be dark to frame a Coke bezel or blue to make a Pepsi.
Rolex demonstrated that it should surely be possible, however the reality stayed that the decision of metal to make a big appearance the new Cerachrom Pepsi – white gold, a material not yet found in a GMT-Master – forced a breaking point on the interest that the watch could want to produce. One hypothesis was that the new Pepsi bezels were too hard to even think about making in the amounts needed for a steel version.
Four years after the fact, when Rolex did at last make a steel Pepsi, it exchanged the dial of the white gold Pepsi from dark to blue, and even offered past purchasers the opportunity to change their dials to blue on the off chance that they wanted. Rolex stopped the 116719BLRO with dark dial for the 126719BLRO with blue dial, and that stays underway today.
Reference 126715CHNR (Everose): 2018 – present
The year 2018 was an extremely large one for the Rolex GMT-Master II. Notwithstanding another steel adaptation with a Pepsi bezel, which we’ll get to in a moment, we additionally had another all-valuable metal variety that joined the current white-gold Pepsi from 2014. Rolex delivered this Everose model (and another two-tone Rolesor model, the 126711CHNR Root Beer) with a Cerachrom bezel in dark and earthy colored. While this combination of tones is in fact new, the Rolesor 126711CHNR attracted moment comparisons to the 1675/3 and later 16753 Root Beer GMT-Masters advocated during the ’70s and ’80s. The capacity to make more minor departure from the two-shading Cerachrom bezel had empowered the arrival of a fan top choice in an advanced execution.
Reference 126710BLRO (Pepsi On Jubilee): 2018 – present
Four years after the arrival of the Pepsi GMT-Master II in white gold, Rolex introduced the watch that GMT darlings had been hanging tight for. The tempered steel GMT-Master II Ref. 126710BLRO restored the Pepsi bezel to its tempered steel sport/apparatus watch roots while, interestingly, redesigning the GMT-Master II to incorporate the new cal. 3285, a development that addresses a significant advance forward for the GMT-Master II line. Befitting Rolex’s all around acquired standing for gradually improving its watches, cal. 3285 offered significant additions in force hold, exactness, and protection from stuns and magnetism. It has 70 hours of force save (versus 50 for the cal. 3186 it supplanted) and presented Rolex’s more effective Chronergy escapement to the GMT-Master II family. Rolex applied for ten licenses regarding the improvement of the 3285.
While the treated steel GMT-Master II Ref. 126710BLRO was practically indistinguishable from the white gold Ref. 116719BLRO of only four years earlier, Rolex picked to separate this new Oystersteel reference by putting it on a Jubilee wristband, bringing to mind certain GMT-Master references from the 1970s and 1980s. This new Jubilee-prepared GMT-Master II additionally includes the Oysterlock fasten, taking into consideration a 5mm on-the-fly change long, valuable for those warm and sticky summer days.
In expansion to being one of the most sizzling Rolex models presently underway and perhaps the best tempered steel sport watches from any brand, the treated steel Pepsi has seen the GMT-Master II ascent to match even the Daytona as the most sought after current Rolex sport watch.
Reference 126710BLNR (Batman On Jubilee): 2019 – present
In 2019, Rolex delivered its development to the first treated steel Batman. Like the 126710BLRO Pepsi of the year prior to, the new Batman includes the overhauled cal. 3285 programmed development with Chronergy escapement and 70 hours of force hold. The Batman, having gotten on in 2013, was digging in for the long haul as another shading combo explicit to the GMT-Master II. In being matched with a Jubilee arm band, the new Batman, which was currently likewise nicknamed the “Batgirl,” flagged that there may be an arrangement of rules set up in regards to the blending of wristbands with GMT-Master II watches.
Rolesor and gold GMT-Master II models have as of late been matched with Oyster arm bands, while ongoing hardened steel models have so far been introduced on the Jubilee wristband. What’s on the horizon is impossible to say, and I think it imprudent for anybody to guarantee that they can foresee what Rolex will do straightaway. In any case, until further notice, gold methods Oyster and steel implies Jubilee.
Bezel Variations Of The Rolex GMT-Master
The beneath diagram isn’t expected to be a conclusive manual for GMT-Master bezels. As we have just found in the story, Bakelite and aluminum embeds tend to age in their own extraordinary manners. Or maybe, here are a portion of the more normal sorts that we have found in this article.
Gathering The Rolex GMT-Master
The Rolex GMT-Master has been with us for over 60 years, and in that time, it has overshadowed its underlying apparatus watch birthplaces attached in commercial flight to become perhaps the best and collectible watches on the planet. We’ve shown you 34 distinct variants of the GMT-Master from the first ref. 6542 of every 1955 right up to various GMT-Master IIs that are at present underway. What’s more, frankly, we might have included more, however we just needed to adhere to a meaningful boundary some place regarding introducing this article and video as a piece of edible content.
Taking a page from Stephen in his Reference Points: Understanding The Rolex Submariner, I posed similar four inquiries to three distinctive watch gatherers and specialists with profound information on the GMT-Master, each covering a particular cut of the pie.
The four inquiries are:
1. Are there any varieties inside this classification that are undervalued?
2. Is there a common misstep that individuals regularly make when they start taking a gander at this category?
3. What is the sacred goal in this class? Is there a sprinter up?
4. What’s the best exhortation you could offer to somebody hoping to gather the GMT-Master?
I at that point asked Eric Wind a fifth inquiry about gathering gold references.
5. Are there any tips you have on gathering the gold class of GMT-Masters?
Mysterious Collector @watch.me_watch.you On Instagram – Ref. 6542
1. All things considered, you’re asking some unacceptable person. I think the whole class is terribly underestimated when you compare it to Rolex Submariners of a similar time (1950s), both “Huge Crown” and “Little Crown” models. Also, I would dare to express that the things we gatherers find so engaging about 1950s Subs are significantly more present in this class. I think, maybe, a piece of it is on the grounds that there isn’t a ton of data out there in regards to the inconspicuous varieties inside this reference – and in light of the fact that the radiation levels on these are so high, incredibly, few made due in really immaculate, left alone condition. Given the little example size of extraordinary models, it’s harder for the market for them to create, as extraordinary ones don’t execute much of the time. There may likewise be some anxiety about spending such aggregates on a watch with an antique bakelite bezel that is characteristically delicate. None of that has deflected me, as I might suspect the 6542s are probably the most delightful inside the pantheon of notable Rolex sport watches. The credits of vintage watches we hold so dear – like the way that each watch ages in an unexpected way, the glow of radium iridescent, the shiny dial – are enhanced on this reference. And afterward there is that exquisite bezel that is novel to the reference, and the tones it can communicate contingent upon how it has matured… the white seconds hand on specific models… Every one of these credits make this reference perhaps the most fascinating, extraordinary, and beautiful.
2. I can’t think about any missteps explicit to this classification. With vintage watches, information is power. If you are not outfitted with information before considering a watch this way, you are at a huge weakness. Also, obviously, purchasing the vender, as the expression goes, is principal. Nowadays, it appears to be the best sellers will remain behind their item no inquiries asked…as they ought to on such exorbitant things, in my humble opinion.
3. I suppose I’m marginally one-sided here, yet absolutely on feel alone, I would say the 18-karat 6542 in this story with the lighter champagne dial (they likewise accompanied a hazier dial – I far lean toward the lighter) is a sight to behold. Just an amazing, ravishing watch. The steel 6542 in this story with the “maxi” dial, which implies it has bigger radium plots, either is, or ought to be, the sacred goal inside this classification: just made inside a little sequential reach and amazingly uncommon in this arrangement, also condition of preservation.
4. Allow your spending plan to direct you. When you have a spending plan as a top priority, research which references and designs are inside your spending when you kill models that are not in top, unique condition. Try not to be enticed to compromise quality just to get into a reference that you can’t manage the cost of otherwise. If and when you choose to sell, you will say thanks to me. Get your work done: The exploration and the chase is probably the most amazing aspect of this leisure activity! Assemble exhortation from dependable sources. Look at however many models as you can. Try not to be in a rush! Be that as it may, eventually, trust your impulses and your gut. What’s more, you would be advised to cherish it, in any case don’t get it, regardless of whether it appears to be a decent deal.
Dr. Andrew Hantel – Ref. 1675
1. I think the expression “underestimated” is hard to utilize when costs have detonated, and you can’t locate a good four-digit steel reference for under $10,000. In the event that we take underestimated in the relative sense, I’d say models in great condition and with an intriguing and detectable provenance are underestimated. Those models, even among the more ordinary 1675s, are increasingly hard to track down. Besides, these give you a significant serenity that is rare in vintage Rolex nowadays. This thought of discernible provenance is beginning to become significant, however; I don’t know it will be underestimated for long.
If I need to fix “underestimated” to a dial type, I think the temporary matte dial reference (the Mark 0) hasn’t had its day in the sun. These offer the strength of a matte dial while holding the text style, coronet, and puffy zinc sulfide lume of the late plated 1675s. They don’t will in general run at a very remarkable premium over other matte dials in any case, on the off chance that you can discover one, they have that small something that gets your attention.
2. One is pertinent to practically any class of watch: People attempt to go after the best variety they can manage, however do as such to the detriment of condition or by purchasing from a not exactly trustworthy source. Discover the cycle of 1675 you want to manage in great condition (i.e., something without administration parts, harm, or in excess of a slight clean) from somebody you know by and by or from a vendor that has a decent reputation.
The other is: in the event that you don’t have the foggiest idea how to surf, don’t begin by rowing out to the Banzai Pipeline. What I mean is, on the off chance that you haven’t invested a great deal of energy exploring vintage Rolex, don’t begin your excursion by going straight for the uncommon pieces. Vintage Rolex information is all post hoc and the reference material is annoyingly irregular. That implies finding what’s viewed as right for an uncommon GMT is troublesome (and much harder to check). In the event that you don’t have the foggiest idea what you’re doing, you’ll be left with a “franken” or by and large phony, and somebody will have a ton of your well deserved cash. Start with a ’70s matte dial with a Pepsi bezel and collapsed interface wristband from the center of the acknowledged sequential reach, and leave the triple Swisses and Tiffany stamps for one more day. The matte 1675s aren’t uncommon, so in the event that you don’t pass on at any rate five models prior to discovering one that sticks, almost certainly, you’ll be lamenting your buy than that you got lucky.
Marlon Brando's GMT-Master 1675 Mark 4
Until it sold for almost $2 million on December 10 at Phillips in New York, the tragically missing sacred goal among 1675s was a Mark 4 personally engraved by perhaps the best entertainer throughout the entire existence of film, Marlon Brando. Here Brando can be seen wearing it, broadly, while depicting Colonel Kurtz in Apocalypse Now.
In 2014, Ben Clymer remembered this watch for a story on twelve of the best missing watches ever, and after it at long last surfaced a year ago and was dispatched to Phillips, James went active with this significant GMT-Master.
(Photo: Mary Ellen Mark via Phillips )
3. All things considered, the Brando GMT just sold…
Apart from that, the sacred goal would be a freely examined and acknowledged Pan Am variation. There’s been a hesitant acknowledgment of Pan Am 6542s, however now, there are just doubtful cases of white dialed 1675s. I’m wary, and it’d take a ton to persuade the community, yet on the off chance that they exist, it’d be something to behold.
There are various others that could have a special interest in next in line – what you think it is simply relies upon individual taste. For the peaked dials, the most notable is the UAE hawk, yet there are additionally barely any Khanjar-dialed 1675s that have surfaced and can be viewed as the apogee of that class. In case no doubt about it “however look nearer” camp, I think the non-Tiffany twofold marked models, like SyL, Cartier, or Asprey, are similarly remarkable.
4. Like I’d referenced above: Focus on finding a top notch model and evade the obscurations of vintage Rolex grant. The other thing that I’d say is half exhortation and half selling point. The 1675 bezel embeds give an approach to authorities to change their watch while maintaining a strategic distance from more five-figure buys. Purchase an unfaded Pepsi, a ghosted embed, and a dark addition and presto: You have three distinct hopes to switch between without having to remortgage your house.
Eric Wind – The GMT-Master In General (With An Extra Question On Gold Examples)
1. I wonder whether or not to say anything as an overall class or reference inside GMT-Masters remains underestimated since we have seen a critical expansion in costs in all cases following the re-presentation of the BLRO (Pepsi) GMT-Master by Rolex in 2018. Nonetheless, what I accept to be the case is that astounding condition watches, especially for the references 1675 and 6542, will appreciate with time. The greatest pattern inside vintage the previous few years has been a superior comprehension of condition and inventiveness, and the value/esteem differential among normal and uncommon condition keeps on developing rapidly.
2. The greatest error individuals make is to attempt to go after a poor to average condition illustration of a more uncommon and more established model, instead of purchasing the best condition they can. For instance, a few people may go after a 1675 with administration new parts like hands, bezel embed, or even dial as their financial plan might be near or somewhat under $10,000. Truth be told, they ought to be taking a gander at watches that are a little more up to date, similar to a 16750 with white-gold encompasses or an extraordinary 16700 or 16710.
3. There are various meanings of sacred goals for the GMT-Master classification, yet one would absolutely be a white-dial reference 6542 in mint condition or any reference 6542 with Pan Am provenance. Others may say GMT-Masters possessed by acclaimed people, for example, the Marlon Brando reference 1675 that sold for nearly $2 million at closeout, the unfamiliar Pablo Picasso reference 6542, or even Tom Selleck’s GMT-Master reference 16750 as worn on Magnum P.I.
4. One part of GMT-Master gathering that is somewhat not quite the same as gathering the Submariner is that a few authorities purchase various aluminum bezel embeds and trade them all through a watch contingent upon their disposition, season, and outfit: for example, “fuchsia” embeds where the red is a more extreme fuchsia pink, embeds that are more blurred, embeds that are less blurred with a hazier red and blue shading combination, and additions with thick numbers called “fat text style” or “super-fat textual style” embeds, to give some examples. Some have compared this to the watch being a doll and the supplements being the garments with the gatherers playing “spruce up.” While I get it, I by and large don’t care for this methodology as the watches frequently don’t look sound when you are putting mint bezel embeds on a more worn watch or the other way around. I like the presence of a watch that seems as though it was brought into the world together and matured uniformly.
But my solitary other exhortation is to purchase a GMT-Master from a confided in vender/vendor as there are so many phony/secondary selling parts, including bezel embeds, that are skimming around since an amateur purchaser most likely couldn’t assess what they are buying and should leave it to the professionals.
5. I locate that given the gentler idea of the gold cases, numerous vintage gold GMT-Masters I see have been vigorously cleaned, which I find outwardly unappealing. It is exceptionally elusive fresh and immaculate instances of the best vintage gold GMT-Masters (or Submariners) as they have commonly been worn and overhauled often throughout the long term. On the off chance that you locate an extraordinary one, I would propose purchasing it.
Speedy Table Of References
Below is a table of the references canvassed in this article, including the surmised long stretches of their creation. Dating vintage Rolex watches by chronic number is certifiably not a rigid science.
Editor’s Note: We’d prefer to stretch out an immense gratitude to Eric Wind, without whom this article and video would not have been conceivable. We’d likewise prefer to express gratitude toward Eneuri Acosta, Paul Altieri, Cameron Barr, Alan Bedwell, Jeffrey Binstock, Vincent Brasesco, Curtis Chen, Ben Clymer, Glynn Connolly, Menard Encarnacion, Paul Engel, Jack Feldman, Brandon Frazin, Adam Golden, Geoff Hess , Jonathan Kosow, Ricky Lassin, David Shorter, Leon Shoyketbrod, Rob Staky, Jon Yu, and an unknown gatherer who passes by @watch.me_watch.you on Instagram just for loaning us their valuable watches. We’d likewise prefer to express gratitude toward Dr. Andrew Hantel for his comprehensive grant of the ref. 1675, which can be found on his excellent website, gmtmaster1675.com.
Photography: Tiffany Wade
Videography: David Aujero, Greyson Korhonen, Shahed Khaddash
Video Editing: David Aujero